Associations between early mother-child separation and indicators of early household instability were mixed. Mothers who experienced a separation from their child were more likely to have had an additional birth by 15 months post-enrollment than mothers who did not experience an early separation (19% versus 14%, p < .05). Mothers with an early separation were also less likely to implement regular sleep routines for their children (95% vs. 97%, p < .05). Finally, there was a trend for mothers who experienced a separation from their child to be more likely to have had a change in marital status (11% versus 7%, p < .10). However, there were no differences between mothers who experienced a separation and those who did not in terms of changes in cohabitation status, or in utilizing multiple caregiving arrangements.
Table dos presents bivariate correlations among mother-child separation in the first 2 years of life, parenting behaviors at child age 3, and child outcomes at ages 3 and 5. Early mother-child separation was not associated with later parenting behaviors, but was related hot or not ne demek to child negativity (r =.06, p < .05) and aggression (r = .06, p < .05) at age 3, and to child aggression at age 5 (r = .06, p < .05). Separation was not associated with receptive vocabulary at either age 3 or 5. Correlations among maternal parenting behaviors at age 3 were small to moderate (|r|s of .12 to .44, p's < .001). Correlations among child outcomes ranged from small to large (|r|s of .01 to.60, p's < .01).
Note: Given that indicator of early breakup try dichotomous, the correlations with all child-rearing behavior and you may guy consequences, that are constantly counted, is part-biserial correlations, while others about table are Pearson correlations. All could be interpreted likewise.
Multivariate Connections anywhere between Very early Mommy-Man Separation and later Parenting Habits and you may Kid Outcomes
Building to your findings of one’s bivariate analyses, several regression activities is actually checked out to examine the role regarding very early breakup during the forecasting afterwards maternal parenting practices and you can boy effects. Earliest, early breakup was used to expect the 3 maternal parenting habits measured at child ages step 3. Next, very early break up was applied so you’re able to assume the 3 man outcomes mentioned on boy years 3 and you will 5. History, an effective mediation model are tested in accordance with the results from brand new early in the day a couple of patterns. All of the patterns provided maternal ages, race, studies, earnings, lifestyle plans, parity, kid gender, system position, and also the four symptoms out of home imbalance because the control. Every numerous regression designs was in fact checked playing with Mplus app (Muthen & Muthen, 2001) and you may taken into account shed research that have complete recommendations restrict possibilities (FIML) estimate, resulting in a regular shot proportions (Letter = 2,080) round the all analyses.
Table 3 presents the results of the first step in our analysis, in which maternal detachment, sensitivity, and warmth at child age 3 were regressed on early separation. None of these parenting behaviors was associated with early separation. Tables 4 and ? and5 5 present results of subsequent analyses, in which children’s aggression, negativity toward parent, and receptive vocabulary at ages 3 and 5 were regressed on early separation. Consistent with bivariate analyses, there were significant associations between early ;s aggressive behaviors at age 3 (?= .06, p < .05) and age 5 (?= .05, p < .05). Children who experienced a separation from their mother within the first two years of life exhibited significantly higher levels of aggressive behaviors at ages 3 and 5 than children who had not experienced an early separation. Additionally, early separation was related to child negativity at age 3 (?= .05, p < .05), but not at age 5. Children who experienced an early separation were observed to be more negative toward their mothers during play at age 3, but this effect was no longer evident by age 5. Children's receptive vocabulary at age 3 or age 5 was not associated with having experienced an early separation.